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Key Element of an EIA Report: Part 1

  1. Cover Page of EIA Reports
  2. Title of the Project
  3. The title of the project should indicate either “Draft” or “Final”(A Draft report is submitted for review and approval by regulatory authorities while the Final report has addressed all comments, suggestions from the regulating authority)
  4. The title of the project should also indicate project location such as Host Community (if more than one list them or just used the host LGA) Local Government Area(s), State and Country (applicable for international reviewers)
  5. The name of the project proponent (company logo if available)
  6. The regulatory Body the Report is being submitted to
  7. The Month and Year the report was submitted

Status/Authorization Page

This page is not mandatory but important and shows the professionalism of the preparer. This page contains the following:

  • Authorized signatories of the report or internal reviewers.
  • Report copyright information
  • Document tag/number
  • The number of reviews/updates etc.

Table of Content

 This should highlight

  • Chapters and titles
  • Corresponding page numbers
  • List of Map, Illustration, and Figures  
  • This should occupy separate pages

List of Tables

This should occupy separate pages

  • Page numbers should correspond to main report

List of Acronyms

eia reportsThe list should include all Acronyms used in the report don’t be tempted to copy List from similar reports (it’s risky because it will contain acronyms that were not used in the body of the report thereby affecting the integrity of the report).

  • For better clarity Chemical Symbols/Formulas, Unit of Measurement should be captured separately.
  • The list should be written in alphabetical order
  • List of EIA Preparers
  • This should include the name of each member of the team
  • The role played in the Study
  • Academic Qualifications
  • Email Address/contact information as recommended by WorldBank for verification  
  • The name of the consultancy firm can also be indicated

Executive Summary

This is a nontechnical and concise chapter wise summary of the entire report for busy executives to become familiar with the project EIA. the following should be taken into consideration:

  1. As much as possible avoid the temptation of copy and paste from the main body of the report.
  2. Let the discussions flow and appear suited for an executive summary in a reported speech.  
  3. Devoid of table and illustration for easy understanding
  4. Not too bulky and not too scanty
  5. Sections and Subsections should be numbered for easy referencing.
  6. Section numbers should be different from numbering in the main report.


This is the last section before the Chapter one of the report.

  • eia reportsThis should be written by the Project Proponent to appreciate all that contributed to the study including the Consultant and not vice versa.


The report used is currently on display, click here to download the report for your personal review and comment. Kindly subscribe to notification updates and add your email address to our mailing list so you won’t miss the second part which is Reviewing an EIA Report: Chapter One – Introduction

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